Thursday, August 15, 2013

Schemes by Ministry of women and child development

Syllabus Topic:Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections

Women and child welfare
  • paradigm shift in its approach to social sector issues which were earlier welfare oriented but now look at holistic empowerment
Significant Legislations
    • Sexual Harassment of Women at Work Place
      • covers all women irrespective of their age and employment status at the private and public working spaces including domestic workers and those in the unorganised and informal sectors of work
Clients and customers are covered through this Act
    • Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act,
      • protection to children from the offences of sexual assault, sexual harassment and pornography through stringent punishment.
mandates special courts for speedy trial, child friendly procedures in courts and punishment for not reporting the offence to police or appropriate authority
    • Indecent Representation of Women (Prohibition) Amendment Bill, 2012 has been introduced
Schemes for Women
    • Rajiv Gandhi Scheme for Empowerment of Adolescent Girls
      • all-round development of adolescent girls of 11-18 years by making them self-reliant
by improving their health and nutrition status and facilitating access to learning and public services through various interventions
such as health, education, vocational training and counselling and guidance at the AnganwadiCenters
    • ‘Ujjawala’
      • o prevent trafficking on the one hand and also provides rescue and rehabilitation of victims
      • five specific components-
        • Prevention, Rescue, Rehabilitation, Reintegration and Repatriation of victims of trafficking
    • conditional cash transfer scheme, Indira Gandhi Matritva Sahyog Yojana (IGMSY)
      • included in the DBT scheme of the government.
implemented on pilot basis in 53 selected districts using the platform of ICDS
providing cash to Pregnant & Lactating (P&L) women during pregnancy and lactation in response to individual fulfilling specific conditions
addresses short term income support objectives with long term objective of behavioural and attitudinal changes
    • ‘Swadhar’ scheme
      • home-based holistic and integrated approach.
women in difficult circumstances
provides shelter, food, clothing, counselling, training, clinical and legal aid and aims to rehabilitate the women in difficult circumstances.
train and upgrade skills of women and to provide project based employment under identified sectors
    • Support to Training & Employment Programme
    • One Stop Crisis Centre for Women
      • addresses the need for positive steps to be taken for women in crisis to provide immediate relief for the victims
    • Poorna Shakti Kendra
      • one stop centre for services to women were opened in 150 Gram Panchayats
act as motivators for the women in the Gram Panchayat and are also responsible for providing training on various issues.
Schemes for Children
    • Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) Scheme
      • restructured and strengthened ICDS will be rolled out in three phases covering 200 high burden districts
early childhood care and development
Anganwadi will now be the first village outpost for health, nutrition and early learning for children and mothers
    • Integrated Child Protection Scheme (ICPS)
      • provides a protective environment for children in difficult circumstances, as well as other vulnerable children, through Government-Civil Society partnership
o    Childline’ service, which is an emergency outreach service for children in need of care and protection through a 24-hour phone helpline (1098), has been expanded to 274 cities/districts
o    drafting a national Plan of Action to combat the declining child sex ratio