Q. For Weber, bureaucracy emerged as a neutral , hierarchically organized , efficient and inevitable in contemporary society 15 M
Weber conceptualized theory of bureaucracy in 19th century german society which was going through a political chaos. He considered bureaucracy as a legal rational authority capable of delivering a stable administration. Weber considered following as important characteristics of bureaucracy
2. Rule orientation
4. Role specificity
Hierarchically structured organization facilitated in clear definition of roles and responsibilities for various positions in an organization. Neutrality ensured that decisions were made on an objective and rational basis. It insulated bureaucracy from political executive. Bureaucracy with these characteristics delivered stable and efficient administration in germany. Soon it was adopted by various countries. Hence bureaucracy emerged as an inevitable and efficient form of administration in 19th century.
However over a period of time, the evils of bureaucracy like goal displacement, stratus quoist orientation emerged. This led to rise of post bureaucratic organizations to address the deficiencies in bureaucratic organizations. However certain features of bureaucracy like impersonality, anonymity are still relevant to 21st century society