Thursday, August 25, 2011

ESSAY: Education development is crucial for turning population into social capital and making economic development inclusive

In pursuit of my preparation for mains essay, i have written this essay. being my 1st essay i ended up writing only around 900 words. feedbacks are welcome

India has one of the youngest populations in world. Most of the developed countries will soon be facing a problem of sustaining an ageing population characterised by a declining population in working age group and a growing old age population . This impact is already being felt in some countries like france, which has undertaken pension reforms to reduce social security burden on government. On the other hand, India is on the verge of demographic dividend. A large section of population is in working age group. For long, India’s population growth was seen as a ticking time bomb, but now, with a rapid economic growth and a skilled population , it is seen as a key asset
                The demographic dividend that India stands to gain can only be leveraged when its population is educated , skilled and have enough job opportunities . Education hence has a pivotal rôle to play in sustaining India’s growth.
                The prevailing indian education system is a legacy of British education system. The british introduced english in India with an intention of creating a literate middle class who could be employed as  administrative staff. Post independence same system was continued
                The establishment of IITs and IIMs brought about progress in higher education sector. These institutes have produced world eladers who have improved India’s image at global level.
                The liberalisation of economy in 1991 led to unprecedented growth in services sector which was knowledge intensive. Hence education is all the more important today. Universalising education can help bridge social inequalities and facilitate inclusive economic development . hence there is a need to universalise education at all levels i.e. primary, secondary and higher education.
                Several steps are being taken by government to improve access to education. The right to education act was a land mark event in Indian education system. It universalised primary education and had provisions to ensure opportunities were available to people below poverty line. A national skill development mission has been launched tot ackle the prblem of skill deficit in population. The fruits of these policies and schemes can only be enjoyed when inherent defects in education system are rectified.
                Indian education system is faced with numerous maladies. At the primary education level, emphasis on rote learning has lead to loss of creativity. There is an acute shortage of infrastructure. Despite the RTE act, no major progress has been made due to alck of political will to implement the act. Apart form following problems, there is a shortage of teachers
                At secondary education level, students are subjected to intense pressure leading to high drop out rates. There is no emphasis on functionala nd vocational education , As a result poor don’t find any utility in educating their children.
                At higher education level, there is a gradual decline in quality of education. Although there has been rapid growth in number of colleges, quality is found wanting, the fact that majority of engineering graduates are not industry ready reflects the alarming decline in quality of education. There is a large supply demand mismatch resulting in exorbitant fees and sky rocketing cut offs. Research field has been neglected resulting in lack of innovations and new technologies . Education has been transformed into a commercialised commodity leading to alienation of poor from access to higher education
                These problems, if unattended, may turn demgraphic divident into a demographic disaster. Education development is crucial for turing population into social capital and making economic development inclusive.
                Education development requires a political will from our elected leaders. Policies need to be framed to incetivise the poor for educating children. The curriculum must be reformed and focus should be on imparting functional and vocational education. The respect for teaching profession has been on a decline. To reinstill the lost pride, all India cadre of teachers must be setup and salaries of teachers need to be revised in line with prevailing economic conditions. There is a lack of opportunties for semi skilled work force. This has driven away the poor and lower middle class from pursuing higher education. To address the problem, government need to formulate manufacture policy to facilitate growth of manufacturing sector which can help in widening job opportunities for smei skilled work force. Access to education needs to be scaled up by leveragin technological developments like EDUSAT. Regulation over private sector needs to be strengthened to ensure that quality is not traded off for quantity. The literacy rate among women is lower than that of men. No country can make progress with half of population remianign out of development process. There is a need to create an environment that facilitates women to pursue education. Despite having a large number of universities, india’s contribution to global research has been minimal. Research can help in innovation to solve problems faced by india. Steps need to be taken to expand infrastructure for research.
                Education must be the bedrock for India’s growth story. It is only through education that one gets opportunity to pursue varied productive activities. Socio economic development can be hastened by education development . therefore education has a key rôle to play in bringing about inclusive development and int akign india closer towards goal of becoming a developed nation.


  1. Nicely written, but the essay has a vast scope of enlargement,particularly,after the introduction u've given. you can make it to 1200-1300 words,describing the govt. schemes on education,some more barriers to the effective implementation of the RTE act,etc..

  2. Nice essay. Keep it up. U cud have added MSME DEVELOPMENT INSTITUTES, santhiniketan model of education, etc.

  3. 1. Spelling Mistakes(dont know how much impact they have in mains, but they are generally considered as bad)
    2. After introduction, i feel you got distracted. You mentioned several points, but could not provide the link
    or resoning behind them. For example, you mentioned the british impact on our education system. But you were not able to
    convince the reader about its bad effect. To provide you another point of view, i feel that british system provided us a
    boost and our growth of service sector is mainly credited to this british system. If I were you, i would have said like
    "Although we get the initial benifit from the education system introduced by british. Our service sector, mainly BPO and
    IT services are growing due to large english knowing population. But to sustain our growth, we need to move from just service provider
    to innovators. For innovations to happen, we need to change the rot system to innovative education system." This way all the points are linked

    3. In the last, you gained your ground again. After reading it first time, i feel lost in middle. so i will suggest you to
    re write one more time with gap filled.

  4. @jaihind

    thanks for the feedback

    wrt spelling mistakes..most of them are typing errors which i guess i haven't committed while writing on ppr ...british u r right i shud have elaborated.the prblm i faced was , i wasn't sure what to elaborate on and what not. so i ended up couple of points thinking i would end up crossing word end turned out i was far away frm even half way mark