Wednesday, August 31, 2011

New challenges and opportunities
  • Treaty of Peace, Friendship and Cooperation India and the Soviet Union signed on August 9, 1971 sprang from a convergence of national interests and shared perceptions of security risks
  • Forty years on security perceptions have changed, creating new challenges and opportunities for India and Russia,
  • 1971 treaty helped India win its third war against Pakistan, safeguard its independence and territorial integrity and neutralise external threats
  • treaty provided for immediate mutual consultations in case either country came under attack.
  • During bangladesh war 1971 Soviet Union responded to US threat by dispatching almost its entire Pacific Fleet to the Indian Ocean, poured arms and ammunitions into India and blocked anti-India moves in the United Nations Security Council.
  • Soviet Union offered India cheap credits and technological assistance in setting up steel, machine-building, power generation, mining and pharmaceutical industries that ensured its economic independence

  • How has the situation changed today?
  • period of drift under President Boris Yeltsin
  • elevated to a “privileged strategic partnership” by President Dmitry Medvedev
  • Debate in India on how relevant the strategic ties with Russia are today
  • Russia-China relations have turned around from hostility to friendship
  • Russia is no longer in confrontation with the U.S. and India is pursuing strategic ties with the U.S.
  • Indo-Russian partnership may help the two countries deal with a rising China
  • Russian-Chinese treaty of peace and friendship signed in 2001.
  • dialogue among Russia, India and China (RIC) can be useful in facilitating more harmonious relations between the two Asian giants.
  • India-China relations will keep improving as India accelerates its economic rise
  • number of impediments that make a strategic alliance between India and the U.S. unlikely,
  • India's traditional non-alignment
  • U.S.-Pakistan strategic tie-up 
  • standoff with Iran.

  • U.S. attempts to use india as a counterbalance to China.
  • Russia's policy in Asia is too much China-centric
  • Russia should reach out more energetically to other Asian countries — Japan, rising Indonesia and Vietnam and, of course, India.
  • two countries cannot rely on state-to-state relations only as in Soviet times
  • necessary to promote business-to-business ties, people-to-people contacts and interaction between civil society groups.
  • bilateral trade hardly reaching $10 billion,
  • Russia's fixation on the West in its quest for resources for economic modernisation

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